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The city was relinquished by the Knights in 1343 with their signing of the Treaty of Kalisz along with Dobrzyń and the remainder of Kuyavia.
King Casimir III of Poland, granted Bydgoszcz city rights (charter) on 19 April 1346.
) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers.
With a city population of 358,614 (June 2014), and an urban agglomeration with more than 470,000 inhabitants, Bydgoszcz is the eighth-largest city in Poland.
On the latter occasion the castle was destroyed completely and has since then remained a ruin.
After the war only 94 houses were inhabited, 103 stood empty and 35 were burned down. The Treaty of Bromberg, agreed in 1657 by King John II Casimir Vasa of Poland and Elector Frederick William II of Brandenburg-Prussia, created a military alliance between Poland and Prussia while marking the withdrawal of Prussia from its alliance with Sweden.
Bydgoszcz is an architecturally rich city, with neo-gothic, neo-baroque, neoclassicist, modernist and Art Nouveau styles present, for which it earned a nickname Little Berlin.
There are also a number of other Polish place-names which make use of the 'goszcz' suffix: i.e. Bydgoszcz, however, has a long, rich history of etymological change: in 1239 known as Bidgosciam, in 1242 as castrum quod Budegosta vulgariter nuncupatur (castle, which is colloquially called Bydgoszcza), in 1279 as Bidgoscha, since 1558 as Bydgoszcz, that is, until the 16th century, and as Bydgoszcza "fishing village or campsite belonging to Bydgosta".
During 1629, near the end of the Polish-Swedish War of 1626–29, the town was conquered by Swedish troops led by king Gustav II Adolph of Sweden personally.In the 13th century it was the site of a castellany, mentioned in 1238.The city was occupied by the Teutonic Knights in 1331, and incorporated into the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights.During the events of war the town suffered demolitions.The town was conquered a second and third time by Sweden in 16 during the Second Northern War.